Indigenous Health and Safety
Many factors have an impact on an individual’s health. Determinants of Health such as income and social status, employment and working conditions, education and literacy, childhood experiences, physical environments, social supports and coping skills, healthy behaviours, access to health services, biology and genetic endowment, gender, and culture determine individual and community health.
Health inequities in Canada contribute to the higher than normal statistics in Indigenous deaths by suicide, unhealthy lifestyles, and ongoing mental health issues.
This 12 page toolkit explores what is trauma, what are Indigenous healing practices, trauma informed care and Indigenous healing practices, and restorative justice and historical trauma
This 12-page toolkit discusses 2006 statistics, the legacy of colonization, suicide contagion and clusters, protective factors, risk factors, the urban Aboriginal experience, and prevention.
This 288 page manual has been written for people who want to develop and implement suicide prevention programs. The authors have done their best to present this information ina positive, culturally respectful and straightforward way. Take what you can, modifyit so it is more likely to work for you. It is important to note that this manual is only able to focus on the first important stage of addressing the suicide problem: prevention. It is hoped that future manuals might address later stages such as crisis management, treatment, and postvention.
PTSD in Aboriginal People in Canada: Review if Risk Factors, the Current State of Knowledge and Directions for Further Research This paper will provide an overview of current knowledge on PTSD in Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Given limitations in this knowledge base, especially about the prevalence of PTSD in Aboriginal peoples, this paper will discuss the risk factors that place Aboriginal peoples at risk to develop PTSD, the challenges in determining prevalence rates of PTSD in Aboriginal communities, the impacts of PTSD on the health and well-being of Aboriginal peoples, and the importance of culturally appropriate treatment strategies that have demonstrated success in Aboriginal communities. It will also discuss limitations of a PTSD diagnosis and the need to consider both the risk and protective factors found in many Aboriginal communities. The paper will conclude with a list of resources that may be helpful for Aboriginal peoples seeking help and/or information for PTSD.
This 5 page report explores why some Aboriginal groups are much more at =risk for suicide than other Canadian communities.
The aim in this 189 page report is to review and integrate the available research literature in order to better understand the origins of suicide and identify effective interventions. This report gives priority to studies of suicide among Aboriginal people in Canada including status and non-status Indians, Inuit, and Métis, in rural and urban settings. However, relevant information on suicide among other Indigenous people in North America, Australia, and elsewhere, as well as on the general North American population, is included. In addition to reviewing research on established risk and protective factors for suicide, examining literature on physical and sexual abuse, residential schools, and related social stressors, even where suicide was not explicitly studied in order to identify potential links, was completed. Finally, a review of current models of suicide prevention and mental health promotion was conducted in order to identify best practices that can be adapted to Aboriginal populations and communities.
The110 page report is structured into four parts; the first section describes historic and intergenerational trauma which affects the mental health of Indigenous peoples. The second section outlines the social determinants of health such as housing, education, employment, infrastructure and childhood adversity. The third section describes the conditions which prevent suicide, including cultural continuity, cultural and language renewal and spaces for healing and recreation for youth. The fourth section describes the availability of mental health services for First Nations, Inuit and Métis people. Lastly, the Committee proposes a range of recommendations based on the considerable work being done by a number of dedicated individuals to prevent suicide among Indigenous peoples and communities.
The study aimed to understand the risk factors, the protective factors and the societal context of prenatal depression in Aboriginal populations. It also aimed to examine how services in Calgary are doing, and how they can be improved, in meeting the needs of this population. The study involved personal interviews with pregnant Aboriginal women and with service-providing professionals who work with pregnant Aboriginal women, as well as focus-groups with stakeholders.