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General Facts and Statistics

General Facts and Statistics


Let’s stop waiting and take control of our lives NOW

Mental health prevention and promotion is key to a mentally healthy community1,2,3. The longer we wait for health care, the worse our health becomes; this holds true for mental health problems and illnesses as much as for physical illness.


Mental Wellness

Economic Impact

Who is affected?


 WHAT CAN WE DO? Here are some strategies that might help:


How CMHA can help


Other sources of information and inspiration that can help:


Crisis services


Non-crisis services

  1. World Health Organization. (2002). Prevention and promotion in mental health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  2. World Health Organization. (2004). Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice (Summary report). Geneva: Author.
  3. Mental Health Commission of Canada. (2012). Changing directions, changing lives: The mental health strategy for Canada. Calgary, AB: Author.
  4. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990).Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper & Row.
  5. Crone D, Guy H. “I know it is only exercise, but to me it is something that keeps me going”: a qualitative approach to understanding mental health service users’ experiences of sports therapy.Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2008;17(3):197–207.
  6. Dingle et al. (2012). “To be heard”: the social and mental health benefits of choir singing for disadvantaged adults. Psychology of Music. Retrieved from http://pom.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/01/24/ 0305735611430081.abstract.
  7. Crone D, Guy H. “I know it is only exercise, but to me it is something that keeps me going”: a qualitative approach to understanding mental health service users’ experiences of sports therapy.Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2008;17(3):197–207.
  8. Lloyd C, Wong SR, Petchkovsky L (2007). Art and recovery in mental health: a qualitative investigation. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70(5), 207-14.
  9. Mynard et al. (2009). Belonging to a community-based football team: An ethnographic study. Occup. Ther. J.56, 266–274.
  10. Mental Health Commission of Canada (2017). Strengthening the Case for Investing in Canada’s Mental Health System: Economic Considerations. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/sites/default/files/2017-03/case_for_investment_eng.pdf
  11. Sun Life Canadian Health Index Report (2016). Retrieved from https://cdn.sunlife.com/static/ca/Learn%20and%20Plan/Market%20insights/Canadian%20Health%20index/Canadian_Health_Index_2016_en.pdf
  12. Mcewen, B. S. (2004). Protection and Damage from Acute and Chronic Stress: Allostasis and Allostatic Overload and Relevance to the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1032: 1–7.
  13. Salovey et al. (2002). Perceived emotional intelligence, stress reactivity, and symptom reports: Further explorations using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. Psychology and Health, 17, pp. 611-627.
  14. Kassim et al. (2016). Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction among lecturers of Universities in Kano State: Empirical Evidence. Journal of Education and Practice, 7, (10).
  15. Carmeli, A. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes. Journal of managerial psychology, 18,788-813.
  16. Jordan et al. (2002). Emotional Intelligence Scale development and relationship to team process effectiveness and goal focus. Human Resources Management Review, 12 (2), pp. 195-214.
  17. Smetanin et al. (2011). The life and economic impact of major mental illnesses in Canada: 2011-2041. RiskAnalytica on behalf of the Mental Health Commission of Canada.
  18. Jacobs et al. (2010). The Cost of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services in Canada: A Report to the Mental Health Commission of Canada. Institute of Health Economics.
  19. Mental Health Commission of Canada (2014). Why investing in mental health will contribute to Canada’s economic prosperity and to the sustainability of our health care system. Retrieved from http://strategy.mentalhealthcommission.ca/pdf/case-for-investment-en.pdf
  20. Dewa et al. (2010). Examining the comparative incidence and costs of physical and mental health-related disabilities in an employed population.Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 52: 758-62. Number of disability cases calculated using Statistics Canada employment data, retrieved from http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/labor21a-eng.htm
  21. Statistics Canada. (2012). Canadian Survey on Disability. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-654-x/2013001/tbl/tbl1.4-eng.htm
  22. Roberts and Grimes (2011). Return on investment: Mental health promotion and mental illness prevention. A Canadian Policy Network / Canadian Institute for Health Information report. Ottawa: CIHI
  23. Mental Health Commission of Canada (2013). Making the Case for Investing in Mental Health in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/sites/default/files/2016-06/Investing_in_Mental_Health_FINAL_Version_ENG.pdf
  24. (2014). Making Mental Health Count: The Social and Economic Costs of Neglecting Mental Health Care. OECD Health Policy Studies.
  25. Rush et al. (2008). Prevalence of co-occurring substance use and other mental disorders in the Canadian population.Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 800-9.
  26. Chesney et al.(2014). Risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta-review.World Psychiatry, 13: 153-60.
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